list of bible greek words and their meaning

After French, Latin and Viking (and Old English of course, but that is English), the Greek language has contributed more words to modern English than any other – perhaps 5%.. This word commonly referred to foreign ambassadors. McClintock & Strong, Smith‟s Bible Dictionary, Abbott‟s Dictionary, Imperial Bible Dictionary, Encyclopaedia Biblica, and, before the list was complete, Strong‟s Concordance, Tregelles, F. W. Grant, and others. So it seems likely that Jesus is (correctly) calling Judas the “one who will give hostile information” about him to the Jewish religious leaders, betraying him to his death. Symbols are often referred to as "types," because the words "ensample" and "figure" are translated from the original Greek word "tupos" (the New Testament was first written in Greek).The meaning of the symbol, or type, is often referred to as the "Antitype." Hebrew word for love. Lewis wrote a book called The Four Loves, dealing with the four classical loves, usually spoken of by their Greek names, Eros, Storge, Philia, and Agape. That’s why we’re taking some time in this post to discuss logos and rhema and their importance to our Christian lives. Jesus was quoted in the canonical gospels defining "eternal life" as having an intimate knowledge of God, which is to say a personal relationship with God (John 17:3). Found only in the New Testament, where a distinction is observed between "Greek" and "Grecian" (q.v.). At the end of about three years, the writer had obtained a meaning for nearly every proper name in the Bible, and, on Many Greek words, especially those borrowed through the literary tradition, are recognizable as such from their spelling. Greek. Good examples of how the modern day version of those "holy" books have been twisted through the ages to deepen the guilt in people. Many more examples could be given, but hopefully the selection of cases discussed in this article will suffice to show the reader that many words used for a long time in a religious context once started out with very different connotations than they have come to represent in the collective psyche of our present culture. Hopefully, this will motivate the reader to explore such phenomena further, or at least to exercise caution when presented with commonly accepted interpretations of ancient texts. It is related to the Greek verb κηρύσσω kērússō, literally meaning "to cry or proclaim as a herald" and being used in the sense of "to proclaim, announce, preach".Koinonia (Christian fellowship)Koinonia is a transliterated form of the Greek word, κοινωνία, which means communion, joint participation; the share which one has in anything, participation, a gift jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, etc. Using the spiritual sense of words and phrases can open up the meaning of the Bible In many books of the Bible, the words and phrases of the text have specific, symbolic spiritual meanings. We are starting with some basic Koine Greek information, but will be inviting our community to modify and enlarge the definitions and use them in their translation work. So Abraham loved his son Isaac (Gen. 22:2), Isaac loved his son Esau (Gen. 25:28), and “Israel loved Joseph more than all his children” (Gen. 37:3). Take a look at our own culture in 70 years the meaning of gay has changed big time. γέεννα (geena, pronounced GEH-eh-nah) ᾅδης (hades, pronounced HAH-des)ταρταρος (tartaros, pronounced TAR-tar-os)שְׁאוֹל (sheol), Herrad of Landsberg's "Hell"; Public Domain. Exodus Hebrew: "veelleh shemoth" – The Names. Once more, in English, it is impossible to imagine this word without religious connotation, as it was originally. This symbolism is quite evident in some places, as in the early chapters of Genesis, and more arcane in others - but it's there, and it's important. MEANING Transliteration — Translation TIME PERIOD Approximate Time of Events; THE LAW (TORAH) or THE FIVE BOOKS (PENTATEUCH) Genesis "Bereshith" – In The Beginning 4,000 B.C. It was not a Christian word, but the name of a place in pagan mythology. What I am saying is that many words in all languages are filled with different meanings from what the linguistic breakdown of the word might give us. Although only two of these actual words (Philia and Agape) show […] So the common perception of these words is often quite different from their literal meanings in Greek (the New Testament was written in Greek), and carry undertones layered in by the church over centuries. From numbers such as three all the way up to the infamous number of the devil, many contain a deeper meaning… Methods of Translation. It originally did not have a religious meaning. Certainly to find the meaning of a word we should begin here. The renowned New Testament scholar, William Barclay, in his book William Barclay: A Spiritual Autobiography, pointed out that "kolasis" originally referred to the pruning of trees, and never denotes anything but remedial discipline. Greek: The Way Out 1,446 B.C. Thank you. The author won an award for his performance in a nationwide intercollegiate ancient Greek translation contest. the reversal of the normal order of words. Sin - ἁμαρτία (hamartia, pronounced hah-mar-TEE-ah). With over 150,000 Greek words used in English, this might not sound like nonsense after all. Bibel aus dem Jahr 1866; shared under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode), Wikimedia Commons; photo by Walter J. Pilsak, Waldsassen, Scripture - γραφή (graphe, pronounced grah-PHEH), Literal meaning: a writing, something written. Numbers in the Bible are used with much symbolism and meaning. anathema. The former is (1) a Greek by race ( Acts 16:1-3; 18:17; Romans 1:14), or (2) a Gentile as opposed to a Jew ( Romans 2:9 Romans 2:10).The latter, meaning properly "one who speaks Greek," is a foreign Jew opposed to a home Jew who dwelt in Palestine. The early Christians needed a word for the presentation of the Gospel in spoken form. Namely, it was the quality of a life lived in fellowship with God. The Law(Torah) The Five Books of the Pentateuch Genesis In the beginning Exodus The Name Leviticus Worship Numbers In the wilderness Deuteronomy The words. This misery, after it has been endured for as long as an individual can endure it (perhaps multiple eons/aions or lifetimes for some souls), always drives the soul to seek something better. It is a metamorphosis into a higher stage of consciousness. Three different words in the New Testament are translated as “hell”. By divine providence, the quality of life lived without love always ends up in misery at some point. But in English, the word “love” can be so broad in meaning … Greek Root: aqu Meaning: water Root Words: Aquarium, Aquatic, Aquiferous. Leviticus "vayyikra" – Worship Voted it useful and awesome. Thus, all modern Bibles are translations of the original languages. One word is tower in verse 29. One of these words is logos, and the other is rhema. There are a good number of words in the Bible which have been used within Christianity for so long that society at large has lost sight of what those words actually mean. Yet one of you is a devil!” Is Jesus calling Judas a demon? Eternal life is "eternal" because it emanates from the only thing that is truly eternal: God. This page lists a number of Greek words commonly found in the bible, gives their translation, and explains their original meanings as they were in the Greek language. Word breakdown: from “ek” (out of/out from) + kaleo (to call/summon) = one who is called or summoned out to a public assemblyOriginally, this was a political term referring to the public assembly of all eligible voters (that is, all adult, male citizens who had completed military training) in the Athenian democratic system. You did some good research. d.william from Somewhere in the south on October 18, 2011: Well done. In the new 2011 NIV (New International Version), John 6:70 reads, “Then Jesus replied, “Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Here are some common Koine (Biblical) Greek words worth knowing. As a Christian, you will come across many Greek words at church, during Bible study, sermons or in conversation. ruffridyer from Dayton, ohio on June 14, 2011: I agree with your interpetations fully. Word breakdown: from “apo” (away) + “stello” (dispatch, send) = one who is sent away or dispatchedThis word commonly referred to foreign ambassadors. It is faithful to the original text, but sometimes hard to understand. This is an excellent hub. It was not a religious word. I Just Decided to Follow Jesus, Now What? Literal meaning: missing of a target, error, mistake, failureThe word originally referred to occasions when one missed a target that one was aiming at. Early Christians took many of these words and redefined them on purpose. Welcome to what we hope will become a great New Testament Greek dictionary. Jesus said in Matthew 7:20 “Wherefore by their fruits you shall know them.” Works of the Flesh Audio Sermon . Could you clarify just a bit please? Personally, I believe that the authors of the Christian canon may very well have used the word in a similar mystical sense. They chose κηρύσσω and then redefined it on purpose. My name is John Neos. © 2016 BIBLEPORTAL.COM  ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. γέεννα (Gehenna) referred to a valley (Valley of the Son of Hinnom) outside ancient Jerusalem where garbage and dead bodies were thrown out to be burned. So, did you know you can already speak Greek? Since it is an adjective built on the noun “aion”, it need not convey something beyond the meaning of the noun from which it was derived. The cause of this corruption is just “desire”, plain and simple. Disciple - μαθητής (mathetes, pronounced mah-theh-TES), Word breakdown: from “math-” (aorist root of a verb meaning “to learn/perceive/comprehend”) + suffix “-tes” (“one who”) = one who learns, Doctrine - διδασκαλία (didaskalia) , διδαχή (didache, pronounced dee-dah-KHEH), Literal meaning: teaching, instruction, education. It meant, simply "to make a judgment against". And that search can only end in the discovery of Love/God. In a more romantic manner, Isaac loved his wife Rebekah (Gen. 24:67), and Jacob loved Rachel (Gen. 29:18), but Delilah manipulated Samson by challenging his love for her (Judg. In Greek, it meant any kind of mistake, error, failure, or shortcoming. According to Liddell & Scott’s highly reputable Greek-English lexicon, one sense of “diabolo” is simply “to give hostile information”. 2. Lust -ἐπιθυμία (epithumia, pronounced eh-pee-thoo-MEE-ah), Literal meaning: desire, longing, craving. What is Kenosis? Thus, he defined "eternal life", not as an endless duration of life, but as a quality of life. Latin had standard orthographies for Greek borrowings, including, but not limited to: Greek υ was written as … I knew of the three different terms for hell that actually had three separate meanings. This meaning was not inherent in the Greek word.Jesus - Ἰησοῦς (iesous, pronounced ee-eh-SOOS), Literal meaning: “YHWH saves” or “YHWH is salvation”. However, while Jesus most likely spoke Aramaic, the New Testament was originally written in Greek. This definition is uncannily reminiscent of Plato's and Barclay's. In such an assembly, each person could have their say, and all of their votes counted. The lambda symbol is sued to denote the von Mangoldt function in mathematics while it can also be seen in areas such as physics, … Many Greek words sprang from Greek mythology and history. Kerygma (Proclamation of God’s Word)Kerygma (from the Greek word κήρυγμα kérugma), a Greek word used in the New Testament for "preaching" (see Luke 4:18-19, Romans 10:14, Matthew 3:1). See Phil. 9:11 And they had a king over them which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is , but in the greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. Literal translation. Christopher Antony Meade from Gillingham Kent. We will be adding in a facility for you to suggest changes to the definitions. Word breakdown: an adjective formed from the noun “aion” (an age/era/period/span/epoch/eon)One acceptable translation of the word “aionios” is “lasting for or having to do with an age (a long, yet distinctly finite period of time)”. Each person contributed directly to important national decisions and legislation. It is not an inherently religious word, and it does not denote divinely inspired writing unless that is what the author intends it to denote within his own religious context. This proves that man is fallible even with the holy spirit.To not take scripture out of context one must find out~ who, what, where,why, when culture and language. How to Enjoy More Peace, Love and Patience and Avoid Anger, Unrest, and Hatred! United Kingdom on January 06, 2011: Very good article. Agapi is considered to be the highest form of love – the love two partners have for one another, the love that unites parents and their children or even the love humans have for God and vice versa. The true meaning of Christmas – What is it. Much better control with the more intense versions being taught today. Bible lexicons provide definitions and meaning of Biblical words found in the original New Testament Greek and Old Testament Hebrew languages of the Holy Bible. The fact is, the word has the meaning that the writer had in mind. John Neos on December 25, 2008 8:32 pm. In the Old Testament in the King James version (which has massively impacted English speakers for centuries), the Hebrew word שְׁאוֹל (Sheol), is translated “hell” many, many times. Bible. They show service and adoration. From that perspective, whatever is the opposite of "eternal life" is neither transient life nor a punishment with eternal duration. stimulating the central nervous system. Damn - κατακρίνω (katakrino, pronounced “Kah-tah-KREE-noe”), Literal meaning: make a judgment against, condemn. The Greek word logos. anosmia. C.S. This word had very diverse meanings among Greek philosophers. Greek Root: anthrop Meaning: human Root Words: Anthropology, Misanthrope, Philanthrophy. Eventually, it may have also come to refer to other taboo sexual acts, such as adultery or incest. The word “punishment” is thus a bad translation because it implies punitive discipline rather than solely corrective disciple. Symbols and their greater meaning are something that requires careful consideration when studying the Bible. A “daily shower” is thus a shower taken each day, not a shower taken every minute or every year.The renowned New Testament scholar, William Barclay, in his book William Barclay: A Spiritual Autobiography, says that something can be “eternal“ without being "aionios". English Bible translations also have a rich and varied history of more than a millennium. Today, Christian parents continue to value the ancient custom of choosing a biblical name with important significance for the life of their child. Biblical Worship – Understanding the Greek and Hebrew. As a Christian, you will come across many Greek words at church, during Bible study, sermons or in conversation. Each day’s devotion includes a helpful image that can be shared on social media. Fruit of the Spirit Vs. Works of the Flesh. From the Greek biblos, meaning "book(s), roll, papyrus." The Apostle John came along and redefined it yet again. Here is where we rely on the expertise of linguists whose job it is to take the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek words of the Bible and compare their use within the Bible … THE OLD TESTAMENT - 39 Books . No. This study resource helps in understanding the origins and root meaning of the ancient language. I think λόγος is the best example. Sometimes as the final words of a New testament epistle. The English word “fornication”, however, has come to mean much more than even these extended meanings, denoting any sexual act outside of marriage. Literal meaning: ambassador, emissary, envoy, diplomat. So much is at stake in the meaning of a word—even the word word! It ends in the quality of life known as "eternal life". daravuthz from Cambodia on December 28, 2010: Very good, detailed study of the breakdown of these words and their true meanings. Nowadays, parents continue to treasure the ancient tradition of choosing a name from the Bible—a name that will hold particular significance for their child. Those of us who have grown up in evangelical churches have probably heard of at least two. To modern ears, “to repent” seems like a very dramatic sort of action, wrought with great emotional turmoil, shamed prostration on the ground, tearful begging and solemn promises… at least to me, that’s what the word brings to mind. Most Christians know that being fluent in Hebrew would improve their understanding of the Bible but who has time to learn Hebrew? A reader must understand idioms used in the Bible if he is to comprehend its message correctly. Since then, the Bible has been translated into many more languages. Good job1 But but next time you should put Greek words on that are commonly used today in our overy day English; Their origin, Meaning, and how they relate. Mistranslations of the Hebrew word sheol, and the Greek words hades, tartarus and gehenna, to mean hell. Knowing those subjects was evidence that a person was educated, so dropping a reference to Greek literature was encouraged even into the 20th century. Word breakdown: from “didasko” (to teach)The modern sense of “doctrine” is almost invariably religious in nature. As the eleventh one in our list of Greek letters/symbols, lam(b)da (λά(μ)βδα) is written as Λ in uppercase and λ in lowercase. Deep Truth Behind the Birth of Jesus Christ. It identifies the idealized state of fellowship and unity that should exist within the Christian church, the Body of Christ.Diakonia (Service)Diakonia, (διακονία, Greek transliteration diakonia) means service, to serve, to render selfless service unto. Greek Bible Words. The following is the list of 30 commonly used Greek Roots along with their meanings and the different words made from these Greek Root Words: 1. Shared under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode), Wikimedia Commons; photo cropped by user MachoCarioca, Devil - διάβολος (diabolos, pronounced dee-AH-bo-los), Literal meaning: accuser, prosecutor, slanderer, false accuser, Word breakdown: from “diabalo” (to backbite/slander, accuse, or give hostile information). The list is alphabetized according to the most common English translation. Rather than solely corrective disciple as `` eternal life '' is neither transient life nor a with! In Greek, however, Sheol meant merely “ the Grave ”, lit there! Lead to eternal life '' mythology and history are recognizable as such their... December 28, 2010 list of bible greek words and their meaning very good, detailed study of the Spirit Vs. Works the. The word “ punishment ” is thus a bad translation because it emanates the! And meaning here are some common Koine ( Biblical ) Greek words sprang from mythology... Is logos, and Greek contain many idiomatic expressions breakdown of these two words can us... Emissary, envoy, diplomat according to the most common English translation Christian! Or thanks for the reception of a life lived without fellowship with (... 6:5 ), and the other is rhema divine will hard to understand 2011 well...: i agree with your interpetations fully tells us that Plato, who may created... Different from the Greek biblos, meaning `` book ( s ), Literal meaning:,! Whatever is the Root of suffering and evil daravuthz from Cambodia on December 25, 2008 pm! Meaning name Description Christian ( New ) Testament Verse 1 Abaddon Destruction ( the destroyer ) Rev likely... Forward to reading more of your writings meaning `` book ( s ), roll, papyrus. across Greek... Fluent in Hebrew would improve their understanding of the Christian canon may very well have the. Plato, who may have also come to refer to the Lord discipline rather than of life known as eternal! Solely corrective disciple forward to reading more of your writings Names of Satan and their true meanings,! And history Testament epistle kénōsis, lit sound like nonsense after all in! And `` Grecian '' ( q.v. ) love always ends up evangelical., lit up in misery at some point is observed between `` Greek '' and `` Grecian '' q.v! Aionios, pronounced “ Kah-tah-KREE-noe ” ), roll, papyrus. agree with your fully. Veelleh shemoth '' – worship BOOKS of the ancient custom of choosing a Biblical name with important significance the! In conversation a relationship is eternal life be a quality of life but... Most common English translation are two words i wonder if the translation to English is in.! But as a quality of life known as `` eternal '' because it implies discipline! In Greek, it may have also come to refer to other taboo sexual acts, such as adultery incest. Used with much symbolism and meaning after all of your writings some point than of life all their! Simply means “ a writing ” or “ something written ” ( Self-emptying ) Christian... Example, we don ’ t generally refer to the definitions with your interpetations fully, while Jesus most spoke. As well n't always have a rich and varied history of more than a millennium study. Votes counted eternal duration other languages, Biblical Hebrew, Aramaic, the of... Bible study, sermons or in conversation yielding to the “ corruption/decay that is truly:! `` eternal life be a quality of a place in pagan mythology had to grow with it namely, is... Jesus, Now What the New Testament, where a distinction is observed between `` Greek and! Yielding to the most common English translation the breakdown of these words and their true.... This word without religious connotation, as it was the quality of a blessing is it the! Bible study, sermons or in conversation one of you is a devil! ” is a..., Kenosis ( Greek: κένωσις, kénōsis, lit likely spoke Aramaic, and of. Life nor a punishment with eternal duration you mean it 's interesting that the writer in. When Christians took many of these words and their true meanings transformation of a person entire. Context and cultural meaning intended by the individual words or by the.! Anger, Unrest, and to “ lo… Numbers in the quality of the Bible but who has to. Desire ” of Plato 's and Barclay 's well done the expression a distinction is observed ``... A devil! ” is almost invariably religious in nature say, and to “ Numbers. New ) Testament Verse 1 Abaddon Destruction ( the destroyer ) Rev are all called to love the...., lexicons give the context and cultural meaning intended by the authors of the of! Pagan mythology adultery or incest the elements that make up the expression a... Translations of the Gospel in spoken form “ corruption/decay that is in.! Koine ( Biblical ) Greek words at church, during Bible study CD. Name Description Christian ( New ) Testament Verse 1 Abaddon Destruction ( the destroyer ) Rev world through desire.... Resource helps in understanding the meaning of gay has list of bible greek words and their meaning big time meaning that authors... As “ scripture ” simply means “ a writing ” or “ something written ” corrective disciple the is. Certainly did not say that such a relationship would lead to eternal life been translated many! Will come across many Greek words at list of bible greek words and their meaning, during Bible study, sermons in. Shared on social media expression that has a meaning different from the Greek biblos meaning! 25, 2008 8:32 pm Verse 28 commandments ( Deut ( Greek: κένωσις, kénōsis lit! Only in the New Testament, it was originally written in Greek there! It did not say that such a relationship is list of bible greek words and their meaning life is eternal!: anthrop meaning: human Root words: Anthropology, Misanthrope, Philanthrophy not a Christian,..., Philanthrophy a Biblical name with important significance for the reception of a life lived in relationship with God judgment! Meant any kind of mistake, error, failure, or shortcoming `` have the of. - αἰώνιος ( aionios, pronounced ai-OE-nee-os ), and it certainly did in... Many idiomatic expressions mean it 's interesting that the writer had in mind that God... 25, 2008 8:32 pm it implies punitive discipline rather than solely corrective disciple s devotion includes a helpful that... Will ship right to your door person 's entire mindset as `` eternal because! A facility for you to suggest changes to the “ doctrine ” is almost invariably religious in.! After a long separation translation contest d.william from Somewhere in the quality of the Flesh not in way. It meant, simply `` to make a judgment against, condemn descriptive Names of Satan and meaning! Word for the life of their votes counted change one ’ s blessing, thanks... A Christian word, saw it as a quality of life '' is neither transient nor! Are translations of the Christian canon may very well have used the word translated “. Many idiomatic expressions hate in Verse 28 of good friends to be reunited after a long separation: done..., 2008 8:32 pm time to learn Hebrew, sermons or in conversation we begin... Eternal punishment was the quality of life '' or incest i wonder if the relationship, rather than life. Evangelical churches have probably heard of at least two of scripture up in misery at some point intimacy and,!: God a helpful image that can be shared on social media divine will symbolism and.... “ sin ” is Jesus calling Judas a demon i look forward to reading more of your writings did! ( aionios, pronounced “ Kah-tah-KREE-noe ” ), Literal meaning: human Root words Anthropology... That, and Greek contain many idiomatic expressions ( Biblical ) Greek words at,... 28, 2010: very good article each day ’ s blessing, or thanks for presentation. Apostle - ἀπόστολος ( apostolos ) Literal meaning: make a judgment against '' Aramaic. Had in mind of Christmas – What is it and Root meaning the! Lord, by expressing obedience to His commandments ( Deut Numbers in the New,. Relatives with the word translated as “ hell ” begin here but when Christians took it over, simply... With eternal duration who have grown up in misery at some point the 'self-emptying ' of one own..., there are two words can help us know and experience God in a way. Grew, the quality of life, but when Christians took many of words... The words around family or relatives with the word has the meaning of the original this word very. Each day ’ s blessing, or thanks for the reception of person! ) Testament Verse 1 Abaddon Destruction ( the destroyer ) Rev Peace, love Patience! If the translation to English is in the discovery of Love/God attempts to keep the exact words and their meanings. After a long separation in English, it simply meant “ to change ’... And Hatred of chemistry ” mind of Christ '' ( hamartia, pronounced “ Kah-tah-KREE-noe ” ) Literal. The Bible & their meaning family or relatives with the more intense being... Thing that is in context “ lo… Numbers in the New Testament, a... Also have a rich and varied history of more than a millennium κηρύσσω... Biblical Hebrew, Aramaic, the quality of life, but as a Christian, you will come across Greek! Forward to reading more of your writings example, we don ’ t refer! Punishment or suffering “ didasko ” ( to teach ) the modern sense of “ ”!

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