papua new guinea current issues

We did an Issues Paper on SME Taxation and proposed in our Final Report that the Government simplify the Tax for SMEs. About 570 male asylum seekers and refugees live in PNG, most on Manus Island. In 2017, the government passed regulations to implement the law, but enforcement remains weak and inconsistent. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. The U.S. Papua New Guinea Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Papua New Guinea Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System Following a 2016 PNG Supreme Court decision that detaining asylum seekers is unconstitutional, in November 2017, the Australian and PNG government closed the main center on Manus and relocated refugees and asylum seekers to other accommodation facilities on the island. Papua New Guinea a warning for poor nations rich in natural resources Nikkei Asian Review 20:01 11-Jan-21 Vale Sir Mekere Morauta Devpolicy Blog 19:05 11-Jan-21 Papua New Guinea’s time of destiny Devpolicy Blog 19:05 11-Jan-21 This followed a similar escape in 2017, in which 17 prisoners were killed. Recommendations not adopted. A key feature of weak governance in PNG is corruption. In Papua New Guinea, individuals may conduct their business through various different structures, including as a sole trader, a partnership, or a trust. HIV prevalence was 0.2 per 100 adults. New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez.In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. " The Honourable Malakai Tabar MP discussed the issues and challenges that Papua New Guinea is currently facing in the higher education sector, and the reforms underway. In May, a Rohingya refugee died by apparent suicide having jumped from a moving bus, the seventh asylum seeker or refugee to die on Manus Island since 2013. Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. In March, then-Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop visited Port Moresby and met with PNG Foreign Minister Rimbink Pato to discuss health and immigration. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation - a portion of the electromagnetic energy emitted by the sun and naturally filtered in the upper atmosphere by the ozone layer; UV radiation can be harmful to living organisms and has been linked to increasing rates of skin cancer in humans. There have been urgent calls, including by Australian doctors, to improve healthcare standards on Manus Island. Papua New Guinea’s future on current trends. NW., Washington, DC 20036 (tel. The Porgera gold mine is located in Enga Province, 600km north-west of Port Moresby. Catchments - assemblages used to capture and retain rainwater and runoff; an important water management technique in areas with limited freshwater resources, such as Gibraltar. Identification. The challenges of doing business in Papua New Guinea: an analytical summary of the 2012 business Environment Survey by the Institute of National Affairs. 2. Without a serious effort to reverse some or all of these negative trends and make more of the positive ones, PNG’s future looks bleak. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Papua New Guinea Transnational Issues … Papua New Guinea recorded a Current Account surplus of 4380 PGK Million in the second quarter of 2020. More than 5 million hectares of land has been awarded to PNG-based subsidiaries of foreign companies on Special Agricultural Business Leases, resulting in loss of ancestral land and forest for rural Papua New Guineans. Papua New Guinea hit by 6.3-magnitude earthquake. Sorcery-related violence continued unabated, with women and girls the primary targets. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage. Papua New Guinea Hospitality graduates at the Australia-Pacific Technical College graduation at Port Moresby PNG. But it's not over yet. Definition: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. Product/Service Former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein visited PNG in February 2018 and called on the government to tackle a long list of abuses, including corruption, land rights abuses, gender-based violence, and attacks on activists and journalists. Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog. Pollution - the contamination of a healthy environment by man-made waste. West Papuan nationalists of the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka) have often been in conflict with the Indonesian armed forces. During his first term in parliament he was in Opposition, and was appointed Shadow Minister for A partnership is required to submit a return of income to the IRC. All colouration of the individual denominations are the same as current and former Australian decimal currency. 3. That, in turn, has often led to incursions into Papua New Guinean territory by refugees, rebels, and Indonesian troops pursuing them. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. The mine operated in the mountains of central Bougainville in Papua New Guinea until 1989. Nearly all were forcibly transferred to PNG by Australia in 2013. Inadequate skills and weak capacity in the public service are the most critical inhibitors to development in PNG. PNG continued to impose the death penalty, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954. It is not just that each of these trends will have a negative impact on the country, but that the trends are mutually reinforcing. In 2017, the government passed regulations to implement the law, but enforcement remains weak and inconsistent. The complaint by 156 residents was lodged with the Australian Government in September by Australia’s Human Rights Law Centre and subsequently accepted in November, paving the way for a non-judicial mediation process. Communica… China is set to overtake Australia as the largest donor to PNG, though most assistance is in the form of infrastructure loans rather than aid. Many asylum seekers and refugees suffer complex health problems including mental health conditions that have been exacerbated by long periods in detention and uncertainty about their futures. Two men – Michale Somare and Peter O'Neill – are currently claiming to be the rightful prime minister of the nation. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. The two officers have reportedly been suspended and charged under the Criminal Code Act, but neither had been prosecuted at time of writing. Australasia. Customary Land is being leased by the Lands Department by landowners. Photo: Jacqueline Smart/DFAT. Although the PNG government supports universal access to contraception, two out of three women and girls still are unable to access and use it due to geographic, cultural, and economic barriers. Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. The largest nation in the Pacific, PNG is classified as a low middle-income country. The Urban Profiling study uses a well structured approach where priority intervention projects are agreed through consultative processes. Corrective Services ordered an inquiry in 2017, but at time of writing no investigation had begun, allegedly due to lack of funding. Diabetes in the highland populations is low but has been documented to be as high as 16% in major cities of Papua New Guinea. Abortion remains illegal in PNG, except in cases where the mother's life is at risk. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. In July, prison officers shot and killed four men who escaped from Buimo prison in Lae. Children's access to education improved from 2012 to 2016 following the introduction of the Tuition Fee Free Policy in 2012 but was still low, with only 76 percent of children enrolled in primary school and 33 percent in secondary. The World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) show little overall improvement in governance in Papua New Guinea in the period between 1998 and 2014. Papua New Guinea’s hosting of the 2018 Asia−Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit was part of a push for greater international standing, with O’Neill projecting Papua New Guinea as a regional leader advancing Pacific Islands issues … 6.0 Future Options to more effectively address Papua New Guinea’s Principal Environmental Concerns 6.1 Overview 77 6.2 Increasing Land Degradation 79 6.3 Increasing Risk from Hazardous Materials and Wastes 80 6.4 Declining Water Quality in Rivers and Coastal Waters 82 6.5 Disturbed or Unpredictable Hydrological Regimes 83 Environment - current issues: rain forest loss as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; unsustainable logging practices result in soil erosion, water quality degredation, and loss of habitat and biodiversity; large-scale mining projects cause adverse impacts on forests and water quality (discharge of heavy metals, cyanide, and acids into rivers); severe drought; inappropriate … Non-residents are generally taxed only on their PNG-sourced income. Two men – Michale Somare and Peter O'Neill – are currently claiming to be … Ambassador to Papua New Guinea is Erin Elizabeth McKee. In July, the Queensland Coroner ruled that the death of Manus detainee and Iranian asylum seeker Hamid Khazaei in September 2014 was preventable and the result of "compounding errors" in health care provided under Australia's offshore immigration detention system. Residents of Papua New Guinea are taxed on their worldwide income. In June, authorities confirmed that the country was facing its first polio outbreak in 18 years, prompting an emergency vaccination campaign. Minister for Police Jelta Wong ordered an immediate investigation and promised to hold those responsible to account. HIV and AIDS. PNG continues to have one of the highest rates of maternal death in the Asia-Pacific, and the number of women and girls who give birth in a health facility or with the help of a skilled birth attendant has reduced in the last five years. Ethnic conflict in Papua New Guinea Benjamin Reilly Centre for Democratic Institutions, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. First, it analyzes the key recent developments in Papua New Guinea’s economy and places these in a longer-term and global context. Effluents - waste materials, such as smoke, sewage, or industrial waste which are released into the environment, subsequently polluting it. The Government of Papua New Guinea is trying to address those issues with the help from several agencies like, AusAid, JICA, World Bank, European Union etc. Most islands are of volcanic origin, and active volcanic activity is common, alongside natural hazards ranging from frost and floods to droughts. PNG continues to see high levels of violence and political unrest since the 2017 election, which was marred by widespread electoral irregularities and violence. In December 2017, the PNG government announced A$4 million (US$2.9 million) of funding for sorcery awareness and education programs. In January, neighboring residents blocked access to living compounds in a protest about leaking sewage. China is committing approximately US$4 billion to developing a national road network. Papua New Guinea launched the National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) policy in 2015. Despite Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) current extractives-led economic boom, an estimated 40 percent of the country lives in poverty. Few police are ever held to account for beating or torturing criminal suspects, a common occurrence. In September, the government indicated it would introduce new measures to give immunity to police and defense force soldiers on special operations supposedly to “curb lawlessness.”. Papua New Guinea has never had a strong political party system, and with 45 political parties participating in the 2017 elections, this continues to be a challenge. In June, in the Southern Highlands, a mob set alight a passenger plane in an election-related protest. Deforestation - the destruction of vast areas of forest (e.g., unsustainable forestry practices, agricultural and range land clearing, and the over exploitation of wood products for use as fuel) without planting new growth. Abandoned Rio Tinto Mine Is Blamed for Poisoned Bougainville Rivers Residents of the Papua New Guinea region have accused the mining giant of environmental and human rights violations … Barrick looking to reopen Porgera gold mine in Papua New Guinea. The summit ended in disarray when Chinese officials physically forced their way into the office of the PNG foreign minister and refused to sign the final joint statement. Factbook > Countries > Papua New Guinea > Geography. Cases involving it and the government regulator outnumber cases with all other telecommunications companies in Papua New Guinea combined. The NDOH, with the support from Australia DFAT, will start a second FET program called Accelerating the Development of Policy and Practice in Papua New Guinea (ADEPPt,) designed to strengthen field epidemiology and operational research capacity across the country and generate evidence to strengthen public health programs, systems and policies. This publication is the fifth in the current series of Papua New Guinea Economic Updates (PNG EU). In April, media reported that anti-corruption police are investigating the Governor of Port Moresby Powes Parkop, after a former official revealed the city council was paying A$1.2 million (approximately US$870,000) a year to a yoga and health company run by his alleged partner. The Australian Department of Home Affairs has acknowledged that medical services have been reduced since the men were forcibly removed from the main center in 2017. In 2007, The Hon Malakai Tabar MP was elected Member of Parliament representing the Gazelle Open Electorate. Title Volume Issue Article Type Year Month; Scrub Typhus in the Torres Strait Islands of North Queensland, Australia: 9: 4: Dispatch: 2003: 4: Trichinella papuae in Saltwater Crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) of Papua New Guinea: 10 Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the mountainous island of New Guinea, plus more than 50 populated islands, extending eastwards to the island of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands chain. ... Zac Efron issues statement after suffering 'deadly illness' News. Highlands Water Project - a series of dams constructed jointly by Lesotho and South Africa to redirect Lesotho's abundant water supply into a rapidly growing area in South Africa; while it is the largest infrastructure project in southern Africa, it is also the most costly and controversial; objections to the project include claims that it forces people from their homes, submerges farmlands, and squanders economic resources. Papua New Guinea’s hosting of the 2018 Asia−Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit was part of a push for greater international standing, with O’Neill projecting Papua New Guinea as a regional leader advancing Pacific Islands issues such as climate change and other shared concerns. Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form. In July, the National Court sentenced eight men to death for their involvement in a sorcery-related killing of seven people. Michael Kabui argues the stability of the current Marape-led coalition depends on three issues: the Supreme Court ruling on the validity of James Marape’s election in May 2019; Kerenga Kua’s challenge against the appointment of Belden Namah as the opposition leader; and the expiry of the 18-month post-election grace period from a vote of no confidence on 28 November 2020. 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