In the terminology used to describe the sex and age of cattle, the male is first a bull calf and if left intact becomes a bull; if castrated he becomes a steer and in about two or three years grows to an ox.The female is first a heifer calf, growing into a heifer and becoming a cow.Depending on the breed, mature bulls weigh 450–1,800 kg (1,000–4,000 pounds) and cows 360–1,100 kg (800–2,400 pounds). The kidnap of 344 schoolboys in northwest Nigeria had the appearance of an Islamist militant attack. You are not alone. When I was the victim of an unprovoked and coordinated herd attack by a group of cows, I was pleased to learn from the HSE that I was just mistaking the cows’ natural inquisitiveness as a deliberate attack. There have been many recorded cases around the world, and many convictions. Their inference is that the statistical likelihood of being subject to any cattle attack appears to be so negligible as to be discounted, and so preventative measures are a waste of effort. They are just not classified as “dangerous animals” which is different in emphasis. I`d be in favour of as much information as possible on the gate, but probably not practical to educate people with little knowledge of the countryside there. In this opinion piece, one of our COWS members, David, challenges the official UK statistics, and offers his own risk analysis. What is the basis for that figure? There are 9.8 million head of cattle, and it is accepted that not all cattle are rampaging through the countryside causing havoc, and indeed most may normally be docile. A total of 54 cattle attacks were reported in the UK media between 1993 and 2013 and, of these, approximately one in four were fatal and two-thirds involved dogs. Between March 2000 and March 2020, 98 people were killed by cattle in the UK. There are also different cattle breeds, farm management and handling methods which may incline cattle towards the docile or aggressive ends of the spectrum. Some time ago, a Huddersfield man was given jail-time because his dog killed a pedestrian who was walking along a pavement. Home; Close ; Go. I think horses & dogs are more dangerous. There was even a video purporting to show some of the boys with members of Boko Haram, the extremists behind the 2014 kidnapping of more than 270 schoolgirls in the northeast. Wednesday, 20 May, 1998, 02:24 GMT 03:24 UK BSE: the cattle killer. Cattle are not uniformly distributed across the UK. Note: This article is primarily from the standpoint of a member of the public and not the farming industry, whose members are also at risk but who should be in greater control of the hazards. Change ). In 2014, BMC member Simon Coldrick was badly injured after a cow attacked him as he led a fell race on the edge of Sheffield. Dairy cows, who have frequent interaction with humans, are less likely to attack people. Meanwhile, 3.6 billion people annually visit the countryside, with dog walking accounting for 51% of visits. Time to Revisit Solar PV for Farmers & Agri Businesses - Still an Opportunity Worth Exploring ! Of these, 60% are kept in remote areas away from regular human contact, giving an estimated number of 942,000 cows who could be considered to pose the highest risk to humans. It is clear that the issue of cattle attack is not limited to a simple 1 in 9.7 million chance, and from such headlines as “Killer Cows” it seems the media and public are becoming increasingly aware that cattle incidents are relatively frequent and apparently becoming more frequent. There are published figures available which give a glimpse of the overall extent of the hazard of cattle, which indeed merits a public or parliamentary debate. Of the total visits, it is assessed some 28% were to urban parks and 17% were on footpaths or bridleways which may be where cattle could be encountered. Read the original article. But even that analysis is incomplete. That risk can be referred back to the 200,000 to 1 risk for pedestrian fatalities. Injuries included fractures from kicking, lacerations, punctured … A total of 54 cattle attacks were reported in the UK media between 1993 and 2013 and, of these, approximately one in four were fatal and two-thirds involved dogs. The 2.93 billion figure comes from one of the annual Natural England MENE studies into public visits to a natural environment, and has nothing to do with visits down to the farm. Furthermore, because it is the dog the cows are more afraid of, they will more likely chase the dog than you, meaning both of you are safer than if you try to pick up the dog and carry it to … So make of these figures what you will. The closest most people will get to cattle will be sitting in the beer garden of The Bull public house. Between 2018 and 2019, there were 43 reported incidents of cattle attacks leading to death or injuries. David’s story: several frightening encounters with cattle. But, if this is a non-existent issue, why were cattle attacks discussed in Parliament, why did a recent Coroner’s Inquest in Wiltshire call for a public debate, and why did my consultant talk about the “trampling season”? It seems to me that this is admitting to knowingly creating a danger to the public, which in itself would be an offence! This gives us 35,000 potentially dangerous herds that can put an individual member of the public at risk. No insurance actuary assesses the accident risk of teenage drivers based on accident rates for 50-year-old women drivers. and remember to close the gate”. Cow attacks may lead to Edinburgh path being rerouted James Gentles was the fourth person to be attacked by cows in the area. In later papers what improved action that can be taken will be discussed. If we take the 942,000 cows that pose the greatest risk (the remote-breeding, individual suckler cows), we can divide them into attack groups of 27. We thank the authorities for making their return to Goudoubo possible by … Anecdotal evidence suggests that people coming into contact with cattle while participating in outdoor pursuits can sustain severe, even fatal injuries. New Study Reveals Cortisol Found in Hair Can Predict Cardiovascular Risk, One-Dimensional Quantum Gas: The New State of Matter, Giant Flare That Swept Through Solar System Came From Another Galaxy 11.4 Million Light-Years Away, Kepler Finds Triple-Star System With a Skewed Configuration. Most deaths are farmworkers and occasionally, random walkers encountering a herd of cows. ( Log Out / Dr Carri Westgarth , a dog behaviour expert at the University’s Institute of Infection and Global Health , said: “We found that walking with dogs among cows, particularly with calves present, was a common factor for an attack. A total of 54 cattle attacks on people were reported in the UK media between 1993 and 2013 and, of these, approximately one in four were fatal and two-thirds involved dogs. I do think there must be loads of incidents which are never reported. The total average annual figures are roughly 3 deaths, 40 serious injuries and 37 lesser injuries, but all of these 80 annual incidents had the potential to be fatal. The estimated figure for public encounters with cattle is not a figure I can find. Inspectors and visiting staff investigating cattle related accidents should record ‘cattle’, ‘cow’ or ‘bull’ in the COIN case summary field and the rest of the detail in the investigation report. A man has died after he was attacked by a herd of cows while walking in the Yorkshire dales. Their inquisitive nature is often mistaken for aggression… when maternal instincts are aroused, then they may behave in a threatening manner, just take a walking stick …be bold and walk straight through them”, just to carry on as normal…. Where the Concerns & Advisory Team collect information this should be recorded in the same way. In other words, the risk of a member of the public being killed by an individual herd is not 9,800,000 to 1, but more like 35,000 to 1. However, none of this further research should delay action being taken to reduce what is clearly a known and significant problem. The lions eat livestock, such as cattle, which negatively impacts the livelihood of the subsistence farmers living in these rural areas. The hazard and risk a cattle herd presents should be based on comparable herds, not a general total figure. I assume the 481 injuries just refers to members of the public, and not to farm workers. Less often discussed is the number of injured victims, which can range from potentially fatal but recoverable injuries, permanent disabilities, broken bones and simple bruising, down to mental trauma from situations where escape was made. We know cattle are dangerous and we’re aiming to raise awareness and make the countryside a safer place for walkers. Dr Carri Westgarth , a dog behaviour expert at the University’s Institute of Infection and Global Health , said: “We found that walking with dogs among cows, particularly with calves present, was a common factor for an attack. A BBC news report in 2009 (after the David Blunkett incident) gave a figure obtained from the HSE for the previous 8 years of 18 deaths (2 a year) and 481 serious injuries (60 a year). by Stephen Sadler, Richard Ottley ... and can make it easier to establish why the attack happened. That number seriously understates the issue because it is known from HSE that there were more injuries. Whatever the victim suffered, it can be assured that their future walking habits, and enjoyment of the countryside, will have been permanently altered and constrained. This feels much safer. For instance, visits to the coast include sitting in a car looking at the sea view or eating at a promenade restaurant, so I think from these caveats that juxtaposing a statistic including those activities against cattle attacks stretches credulity. What seems to be anecdotally accepted (although at this time statistics do not seem available to clearly evidence the point) is that within the overall numbers, there is a group of cattle which seem likely to behave far more aggressively than the common herd. It is recognised that individual suckler cows that may otherwise be docile can change character because of maternal instincts with their calves, leading to protective and aggressive behaviour. Once the herd shows “inquisitiveness” towards an interloper into their domain, the severity of injury suffered, or fortune in escaping unscathed, is simply a matter of luck. But what is the long-term future for cattle attack research? Yes it is farmland but footpaths are rights of way and we must be able to walk them safely. The next day the news sadly reported that someone had lost their life – trampled to death by cows. Referring back to the NFU spokesman’s advice after the Blunkett attack: “just to carry on as normal…. We ran into a group of trees and the cow gave up the chase. A total of 54 cattle attacks on people were reported in the UK media between 1993 and 2013 and, of these, approximately one in four were fatal and two-thirds involved dogs. Contact us. Mr Thompson - who was left bleeding from his injuries - said the cattle had "gone berserk". Stuart Roberts of the National Farmers' Union said that in general, dogs can outrun cattle. However, some farmers have footpaths in several fields, which is why some walkers encounter herds near roads. So how often do cattle attack people, and what proportion of attacks are fatal? ( Log Out / On the occasion that a herd of cows begin to head your direction, said Roberts, it is better to move away slowly. But within that percentage many footpath walks will also be in towns or on formal paths, forest or lake walks, rather than across farms. Uk Cow, Dogs A Factor In Majority Of Cattle Attacks. As was given in expert evidence at the 2015 inquest into the death of Mr Porter “A farmer who puts a suckler herd in a field with a footpath is aware there is a high risk of attack to the public”. Cattle Attack Statistics: an alternative view. Most deaths are farmworkers and occasionally, random walkers encountering a herd of cows. Interested in getting involved? You don’t equate and expect the same performance from a Porsche and a Ford Fiesta just because they are both cars. There may be one particularly aggressive, hormonal leader cow, with the rest just following to attack out of group cooperation and to protect the herd as a whole. Cow attacks are rare With its limpid eyes and slow gait, the cow is generally a placid creature. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Details of any eye witnesses should be recorded … One purpose of this website is to set up a reporting system so more specific statics are available and so better judgements can be made about the risks. 18 of the cases involved people walking their dogs. A medium sized cattle with an all-black coat, the cow is naturally polled. Check out more news and information on Cows on Science Times. Paul Stephenson, 69, was swept away by flood waters while moving his cattle to saftey on a property at Killarney, on the Southern Downs in Queensland about 8pm Wednesday. The majority of stories one reads about are whole herd attacks and not a single rogue cow. I hope these farmers get jail-time, and then get sued, if necessary to the point of bankruptcy! I do not know the source of the figures but in the years between 2001 and 2011 the deaths from bulls is stated as 15, major injuries as 77 and injuries requiring treatment as 82. Interestingly the Limousin Society has an article setting out the efforts of stockmen to breed more docile cattle, which presupposes there is a recognised issue with the lack of docility in the breed. On the other hand, on my discharge from intensive care, one of the consultants gave me the best advice I have come across, which was to stay out of fields with cows and calves because “it was trampling season”. A total of 54 cattle attacks were reported in the UK media between 1993 and 2013 and, of these, approximately one in four were fatal and two-thirds involved dogs. I`ve plenty of serious stories! A cattle grid in Minehead is causing chaos and sending modern cars crashing off the road - as the sensors mistake it for a wall, writes Jonathan Coles. They look at peer-group statistics. A man who died in a field is thought to be the third person this month to be fatally injured after being trampled by cows in the UK, writes Ashley Pemberton. Cheshire Police said the incident was a 'huge loss' to the farmer affected. The man, 82, and his wife, 78, from Pendle, in Lancashire, had been walking in … A total of 54 cattle attacks on people were reported in the UK media between 1993 and 2013 and, of these, approximately one in four were fatal and two-thirds involved dogs. Most were farm workers, but a quarter (24%) of these deaths were members of the public walking on footpaths or commonly used rights of way. Or so you’d think! One issue that official bodies seem not to understand or deliberately under-play, as exampled in the neutral and passive language cited above, is that all cattle attacks and incidents are potentially fatal. They turned up some advice for people wishing to avoid a fight with a bovine. There`ll be little safety if the rewilders bring back wolves & bears. … by The Conversation Published June 20, 2017 Published Jun 20, 2017 Carri Westgarth, research fellow in human-animal Interaction, and Marie McIntyre, research associate epidemiologist, both University of Liverpool. As stated in the article the situation is constantly changing with cows placid most of the time but when hungry, bothered by flies & heat, dogs etc things can change quickly. I was walking on a footpath in Northumberland, with my husband, in June 2000. This means that the general public are likely regularly to encounter livestock. A Brighton woman, who was seriously injured in a cow attack on the Devils Dyke, calls for safety measures to be introduced to protect walkers. FBI investigators admit they’re still baffled by the thousands of cases of cattle mutilation to rock farms in the USA – more than 40 years after the first attack. They usually ignored walkers but I was well aware that they could be curious though had never known them to be aggressive. Each year there are reports of people who have been attacked, or even trampled to death, by cows whilst out walking or approaching crags. The herd intention is to eliminate a threat. TL’s story: attacked and trampled by cows. Being biffed by ¾ tonne of beef from a single cow is no trivial matter, let along being trampled multiple times by a herd. Some hikers may have a companion dog, which may provoke cows. The HSE concede that there is likely to be an under-reporting of injuries due to lack of awareness of the need for farmers to report a cattle attack injury as a workplace injury under RIDDOR. COVID-19 Vaccine: Should People With an Autoimmune Disease Get a Shot? Although it seems spring and summer predominates for calving, in fact calving occurs all year round. But, after serious and fatal attacks on members of the public, reported statements from HSE and NFU are full of platitudes, and downplay attacks to the extent of denying that cattle pose any risk to the public. Of these, 24% were fatal. We searched newspaper reports over two decades, and identified 54 separate attacks by cattle on members of the public out walking. According to AHDB, the average size of a suckler herd is 27. There are far too many paths with cows on and far too many accidents, near misses and fatalities. It is issued in almost identical form by other HSE spokesman after later attacks. This definition appears to exclude cattle. Fortunately through better grazing management and/or the use of effective chemical treatments, these costs can be minimised. In the meantime, remember your dog can run faster than you – let it go. This has negative implications for farmers, cattle and the public. (Photo: Photo by Daniel Kopatsch/Getty Images), ©2021 ScienceTimes.com All rights reserved. A so-called non-dangerous animal is just as capable of inflicting serious injury. One issue that official bodies seem not to understand or deliberately under-play, as exampled in the neutral and passive language cited above, is that all cattle attacks and incidents are potentially fatal. So cows attack more, but maybe that’s because there are more of them. Using DEFRA (Department of Environment, Food, and Rural affairs) figures, it is estimated that 20% of cattle are permanently kept indoors, and will not encounter the public. Their inquisitive nature is often mistaken for aggression… when maternal instincts are aroused, then they may behave in a threatening manner”. There are about 9.7m cattle in the UK. Tony Mitchell, of the Heath and Safety Executive, says that “Cattle are classed as a non-dangerous species and by and large are generally docile. Indeed, cattle are housed over 4 to 5 winter months and so any potential cattle encountering annual country visits should be reduced to reflect seasonal variation where cattle encounters are precluded. I experienced a very close and personal encounter with a herd in July 2014, from which I was lucky to survive, and I too spent time during my convalescence researching the issue to find out what I could have done to avoid the attack. From this the risk of injury was calculated at 200,000 to 1. The best thing to do is to avoid being in the middle of the cows and calves. The numbers of those incidents is even more difficult to obtain. “This year, we have already seen seven incidents. After recent deaths and attacks on the public in the UK, farmers have been encouraged to put up signs giving a clear reminder to walkers using public footpaths: 'Your dog can scare or harm farm animals - Keep it on a lead around livestock, but let go if chased by cattle.' Dr Carri Westgarth, a dog behaviour expert at the University's Institute of Infection and Global Health, said: "We found that walking with dogs among cows, particularly with calves present, was a common factor for an attack. According to Defra, some 60% of such herds are on remote moorland areas where public encounters are rare. I will never knowingly walk through cows grazing again. Now a report by the All Party Parliamentary Group on Animal Welfare wants all UK police forces to record incidents of livestock attacks. We were terrified. Are there particular risk factors? 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